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中学健身知识的国家标准和成果重点

标准的3.展示知识和技能,以达到和保持健康的体育活动和健康水平.

  • 标准的3 (M1.6-8] Describes how being physically active leads to a healthy body (6); Identifies barriers related to maintaining a physically active lifestyle 和 seeks solutions for eliminating those barriers (7); Identifies the five components of health-related fitness (muscle strength, 肌肉耐力, 灵活性, 简历的耐力, 身体组成),并解释了健康和整体身心健康之间的联系(8).
  • 标准的3 [M7.6-8] Identifies the components of skill-related fitness (6); Distinguishes between health-related 和 skill-related fitness (7); Compares 和 contrasts health-related fitness components (8).
  • 标准的3 (M6.6-8] Participates in moderate to vigorous aerobic physical activity that includes intermittent or continuous aerobic physical activity of both moderate 和 vigorous intensity for at least 60 minutes per day (6); Participates in moderate to vigorous muscle- 和 bone-strengthening physical activity at least three times a week (7); Participates in moderate to vigorous aerobic 和/or muscle- 和 bone-strengthening physical activity for at least 60 minutes per day at least five times a week (8).
  • 标准的3 (M8.6-8] Sets 和 monitors a self-selected physical activity goal for aerobic 和/or muscle- 和 bone-strengthening activity based on current fitness level (6); Adjusts physical activity based on quantity of exercise needed for a minimal health st和ard 和/or optimal functioning based on current fitness level (7); Uses available technology to self-monitor quantity of exercise needed for a minimal health st和ard 和/or optimal functioning based on current fitness level (8).
  • 标准的3 (M9.6-8] Employs correct techniques 和 methods of stretching (6); Describes 和 demonstrates the difference between dynamic 和 static stretches (7); Employs a variety of appropriate static stretching techniques for all major muscle groups (8).
  • 标准的3 [M10.6-8] 区分好氧和厌氧能力, 和 muscle strength 和 endurance (6); Describes the role of exercise 和 nutrition in weight management (7).
  • 标准的3 [M12.6-8] Describes the role of warm-ups 和 cool-downs before 和 after physical activity (6); 设计 a warm-up/cool-down regimen for a self-selected physical activity (7); 设计 和 implements a warm-up/cool-down regimen for a self-selected physical activity (8).
  • 标准的3 [M13.6-8] Defines resting heart rate (RHR) 和 describes its relationship to aerobic fitness 和 the Borg Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) Scale (6); Defines how the RPE Scale can be used to determine the perception of the work effort or intensity of exercise (7); Defines how the RPE Scale can be used to adjust workout intensity during physical activity (8).
  • 标准的3 (M15.6-8] 设计 & implements a program of remediation for any areas of weakness based on the results of health-related fitness assessment (6); 设计 和 implements a program of remediation for two areas of weakness based on the results of health-related fitness assessment (7); 设计 和 implements a program of remediation for three areas of weakness based on the results of health-related fitness assessment (8).
  • 标准的3 [M17星云.6-8] Identifies foods within each of the basic food groups 和 selects appropriate servings 和 portions for his/her age 和 physical activity levels (6); Develops strategies to balance healthy food, 零食, 和水的摄入量, along with daily physical activity (7); Describes the relationship between poor nutrition & 健康危险因素(8).
  • 标准的3 [M18.6-8] Identifies positive 和 negative results of stress 和 appropriate ways of dealing with each (6); Practices strategies for dealing with stress, 比如深呼吸, 引导可视化, 和 aerobic exercise (7); Demonstrates basic movements used in other stress-reducing activities such as yoga & 太极(8).

标准4. 表现出尊重自己和他人的负责任的个人和社会行为.

  • 标准4 [M7.6-8] 正确安全地使用体育活动和健身器材, with the teacher’s guidance (6); Independently uses physical activity 和 exercise equipment appropriately 和 safely (7); Independently uses physical activity 和 fitness equipment appropriately 和 identifies specific safety concerns associated with the activity (8).

标准5. 认识到体育活动对健康的价值, 享受, 挑战, 自我表现, 和/或社会互动.

  • 标准5 (M1.6-8] Describes how being physically active leads to a healthy body (6); Identifies different types of physical activities 和 describes how each exerts a positive impact on health (7); Identifies the five components of health-related fitness (muscle strength, 肌肉耐力, 灵活性, 心血管耐力, 并解释了健康和整体身心健康之间的联系(8).
  • 标准5 (M6.6-8] 在活动和游戏中遵守规则,表现出对自己和他人的尊重, 鼓励别人, 和 playing within the spirit of the game or activity (6); Demonstrates the importance of social interaction by helping 和 鼓励别人, 避免垃圾说话, 和 providing support to classmates (7); Demonstrates respect for self by asking for help 和 helping others in various physical activities (8).